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Piles are hemorrhoids that have become inflamed. Hemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue in the rectum, the last part of the intestine, commonly known as anus. Hemorrhoids are full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers. You may be surprised, but we all have them. It is only when the hemorrhoidal cushions become too big (inflamed) that problem occur - when this happens they are called piles or pathological hemorrhoids.
Some of the common symptoms of piles are:

  • Loss of blood while passing stools
  • Itchiness, redness or soreness around the anus
  • Pain and mucus discharge while emptying the bowels
  • Feeling of bowel fullness even after defecation
  • Feeling of hard lump around the anus, which is often very painful

Piles can either be inside or outside the anus. Internal piles typically are 2 to 4cm above the opening of the anus and are much


Following are some of the common factors that can cause piles;

  • Chronic constipation and excessive straining during passing stools
  • Sitting on firm or hard surfaces for long duration
  • Intense and heavy manual labour or lifting heavy objects
  • Pregnancy is one of the factors,because of added weight and pressure on bowels.
  • Hereditary

Treatment Options

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