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Oncosurgery which can also be referred to as Surgical Oncology is the discipline of medicine concerned with surgeries used for the treatment and diagnosis of various types of cancer. It remains the foundation for the treatment of cancer. The applications of this discipline are widespread. It may be your only treatment or it could be used as a supplementary process to other procedures such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. For many tumors, Oncosurgery is the best cure possible, more preferred if the cancer hasn’t spread and is still localized.

In these cases, doctors recommend to remove the cancerous tumors from the body using cancer surgery. In other cases, a process called debulking is used, in which doctors remove as much cancerous tumor as possible, because removing complete would cause harm to an organ. They remove as much as is needed, then make use of other procedures like chemotherapy to make the process even more effective. Traditionally, cancer surgery cures cancer by surgically removing the diseased portion from the patient’s body. The specialists also remove some of the surrounding healthy tissues to ensure that all cancer cells have been removed. The doctors even remove some lymph nodes from that area to ensure that the cancer does not spread.

Common Conditions

Oncosurgery commonly treats the following conditions

  • Colon cancer
  • Chondroma (benign tumor of cartilage)
  • Cancers developing in the hair follicles or under the skin
  • Endocrine tumors
  • Cysts
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Pancreatitis
  • Melanoma
  • Parathyroid cancer
  • Renal cancer
  • Intestinal cancer
  • Liver cancers
  • Neuroendocrine cancer
  • Liver tumors
  • Sarcoma- Tumors of bones and soft tissues
  • Thyroid tumors
  • Skin cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
 

 

Procedures

Oncologists use many procedures at their disposal to treat the conditions of their patients. The procedures employed depend on the type of cancer affecting their patient. These are the mainstream cancer surgery procedures:

  • Cryosurgery – In this procedure, the doctors use cold materials such as liquid nitrogen or a cold probe to freeze cancer cells that could become cancerous and as a result, kill them. For example, freezing and killing irregular cells in a woman’s cervix that could cause cervical cancer
  • Electrosurgery – Using high-frequency electrical currents, the doctor kills cancer cells, in your mouth or on the skin.
  • Laser Surgery – It uses highly focused and powerful beam of light to burn and destroy cancer cells. It can be used for very precise surgical work. It is often used to treat cancers of lungs, skin, cervix and other organs
  • Robotic Surgery – This new innovative technique allows the surgeon to sit back, and operate on the patient with robotic machines. It helps the surgeon to operate in regions/areas that are difficult to reach out to.

Treatment Options

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