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Any trauma or damage to the spinal cord resulting in impaired or loss of function due to reduced feeling or mobility is termed as spinal cord injury (SCI). Gunshot, car accident and sport injuries are the traumas that can cause damage to the spinal cord. Polio, Spina Bifida, Transverse Myelitis and Friedreich’s Ataxia are the diseases that can cause damage to the spinal cord.

It has been seen that the spinal cord is intact in many people who are suffering from SCI, though it results in loss of functioning as cellular damage is caused to the spinal cord. The SCI is dissimilar to other back injuries that include pinched nerves or spinal stenosis and ruptured discs.

Appendectomy refers to removal of the appendix, which is the standard medical treatment to treat appendicitis. The surgery should be done at the earliest upon diagnosis to prevent the rupture of the appendix. Appendectomy can be done using either of the two surgical interventions mentioned below.

  • Laparotomy or open appendectomy

In this the appendix is removed by making single and large incision on the right side of the lower abdomen. The reasons for opting the open surgery are;

  1. If extensive infection is present
  2. If the patient is obese
  3. Any history of other abdominal surgery
  4. Perforating appendix
  5. Bleeding problems
  • Laparoscopic appendectomy

This is the most preferred surgical procedure as it is minimally invasive and offers quicker recover, less scarring and shorter hospital stay as compared to standard approach. In this the appendix is accessed and removed using specialized surgical instruments through several small incisions thus minimizing the risk of infection and scarring with better recovery.

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