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Pediatric neurology is primarily concerned with any disorder of the central nervous system such as spinal cord, brain, muscles and nerves in children. A pediatric neurologist treats and diagnosis conditions that include behavioral problems such as Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), movement disorders such as cerebral palsy and seizure disorders such as epilepsy. 

Pediatric Neurosurgeon treats infants and children with disorders affecting the central and peripheral nervous system.

Pediatric Neurosurgery is a sub-specialty of Neurosurgery and requires additional fellowship training after residency to specialize in the care of infants and children. The specialty focuses on the particular problems seen, and sometimes unique to, the pediatric age group.

As such, my practice is exclusively dedicated to the care of children with neurosurgical disorders and incorporates a team approach involving many other Pediatric specialists including Paediatricians, Pediatric-Neurologist, Pediatric Intensitivist, Pediatric-Anesthesia, Neuro-radiologist, Neuro-oncologist, Pediatric-Orthopedics and Plastic-Surgeon.

Pediatric neurosurgeons treat different types of diseases/conditions –

  • Epilepsy : This condition is a brain disorder that results in recurring seizures. These seizures occur when the neurons or nerve cell clusters within the brain are sending incorrect signals.
  • Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus is the condition where there is excess accumulation of fluid inside the brain. This condition can be either present at the time of birth or congenital.
  • Spasticity : Spasticity is a condition of muscle disorder which is categorized by the inability to control the stiff or tight muscles. When the central nervous system causes an imbalance of the signals results in the condition of spasticity. This imbalance can be seen in those people who are suffering from traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury and stroke.
  • Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors: These tumors are found in the tissue within the bony spinal column or the skull that builds-up the central nervous system. These tumors can be found in any part of the body and occurs when the genes regulating cell growth become mutated or damaged.
  • Craniosynostosis: In this birth defect, one or more joints in between the bones of the skull close early or prematurely, prior to the formation of the brain in an infant. In this condition the head is misshapen and the brain cannot grow in its original shape.
  • Chairi Malformations: They are structural defects in the cerebellum ( a part of the brain which controls balance).
  • Vascular and Cerebrovascular Disorders: The flow of the blood inside the brain is referred to as cerebrovascular. When a part of the brain is permanently or temporarily affected by lack of blood flow or bleeding causes cerebrovascular diseases.
  • Pediatric Spinal Disorders: Pediatric spinal disorders treatment and diagnosis varies from adult spinal disorders. A large number of traumatic, developmental, neoplastic and congenital disorders can occur in pediatric age group.
  • Cerebral Palsy : Cerebral palsy is a set of disorders associated with functioning of brain and nervous system, affecting movement, learning, hearing ability in a child. It can be of various types like spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, hypotonic and mixed.

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