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 Cerebrovascular disease is a term used to described blood vessel disorders of the brain that restrict the flow of blood to certain areas of the brain. (Though cerebrovascular disease is often confused with cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease is actually a type of cardiovascular disease affecting the blood vessels of the brain.) Common types of cerebrovascular disease include cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism and cerebral hemorrhage, as well as aneurysms, stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA, also called a “mini-stroke”), subarachnoid hemorrhage and vascular dementia.

These conditions primarily affect the elderly and individuals who have a history of smoking, diabetes or ischemic heart disease. Cerebrovascular disease is the third-leading cause of death in the United States, following heart disease and cancer. It is also the most debilitating of all neurological conditions: 50 percent of survivors have a neurological deficit and 25 percent require chronic care.

The symptoms of a stroke in children can vary depending upon where the supply of blood has been cut off from their brain, or where the bleeding has happened. A number of conditions can lead to a stroke that results in emboli, or clots which form in a person's heart, that then break free and travel through their arteries to their brain.

There are several symptoms that a person may experience; these symptoms include:

  • Vision impairment, particularly blindness or vision field problems in one eye
  • Depression, mood and behavioral disturbances
  • Impaired speech and verbal comprehension
  • Paralysis affecting only one side of the body
  • Drooling or difficulty eating or swallowing
  • Coma or lower level of consciousness
  • Partial loss of vision or hearing
  • Unusual movements
  • General Weakness
  • Loss of balance
  • Seizures
  • Falling

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