With the advent of modern technology and advanced surgical modalities, brain tumour is no longer as scary as it used to be a few years ago. With modalities such as Gamma knife, Cyberknife, Novalis Tx radiosurgery, brain tumours are effectively treated at IndiCure associated best hospitals for brain tumour treatment in India. The success rate at these hospitals is at par with the best neurosurgery hospitals in the world. Not only the infrastructure is state of the art, neurosurgeons are highly trained and experienced, the cost of brain tumour surgery in India at our affiliate hospitals is much affordable.
There are basically two types of brain tumors:
- Primary tumors- primary tumor is the tumor that begins in the brain itself. It can be either benign (that does not contain cancer cells) or malignant (contain cancer cells)
- Secondary or Metastatic tumors- When a cancerous tumor starts elsewhere in the body and sends cells which end up growing in the brain, such tumors are called secondary or metastatic brain tumors.
Treatment of the brain tumour depends upon the size, location and type of the tumour. Following are the most commonly used treatment for brain tumors:
- Pen surgery (Craniotomy)
Surgery aims at removing the brain tumors which shall help in decreasing the disabling signs and symptoms. Craniotomy is common and traditional procedure to access the tumour and remove as much tumour as possible and safe. The open surgery carries the risk of infection, bleeding and other complications like injury to the nearby nerve that may lead to vision loss. But at the same time, removing tumour through open surgery sometimes becomes essential due to the size and type of the tumour.
Minimally invasive surgery/ Micro craniotomy
Minimally invasive brain surgery or Micro craniotomy is done using highly advanced technology such as intraoperative MRI suite. This is done for certain brain tumors deep under the surface of the brain. A small opening, around half an inch of diameter is used to reach the tumor. Minimally invasive surgery minimizes damage to normal brain tissue overlying the tumor and is much safer than open surgery. However, not all tumours can be removed through this technique and it has its own limitations.
Neuro endoscopy is also a minimally invasive surgery technique which uses specialized endoscopes with high resolution video cameras to perform surgery of the brain. Tumors such as colloid cyst, pituitary tumors, meningiomas, Craniopharyngioma can be removed using the technique. Various approaches used are endonasal and transphenoidal removal of the tumor. Surgicure International associated best brain tumor hospitals in India have specially trained neurosurgeons who perform these procedures. The advantage of these procedures are smaller incisions and bony openings which result in less scarring, less pain, shorter hospital stay and quick recovery.
- Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Stereotactic radiosurgery has offered a new ray of hope to the patients who cannot undergo traditional surgery either because of their frail health or because the tumor is located in an area which s too risky to access.
- Gamma Knife - Gamma knife is the most used radiosurgery to treat brain tumors. Gamma knife uses multiple beam of radiation to create a highly focused target for delivering the radiation treatment that aims to kill the tumour cells of small areas. Every single beam is not that powerful, but the point where they converge at the site of the brain tumour, these emit large and powerful dose of radiation that kills the target cells. Gamma knife is the most advanced technology and is very precise in targeting tumor cells. The technology is now worldwide used as the choice of treatment for certain brain tumors, AVMs, and Trigeminal neuralgia.
- CyberKnife - Cyberknife again is a non –invasive technique to treat complex brain tumors. Cyberknife uses high-energy radiation treatment that delivers very precise beams of radiation from many angles outside the body. The accuracy of Cyberknife is so precise that radiation can be 'matched' to the shape of small complex tumors, even those located near critical organs. This ability allows Cyberknife to treat many lesions including many considered inoperable or untreatable with surgery.
- Radiation therapy
Novalis Tx Radiosurgery offers new standards in radiosurgery treatment and gives new ray of hope to the patients with cancerous and non cancerous tumours who were otherwise considered inoperable. Novalis tx radiosurgery is non invasive radiosurgery which offers the most precise delivery of radiation to the targeted area not only in brain but in other parts of the body as well. It works by delivering highly focused beam of radiation to the tumour without harming the healthy tissues surrounding the tumour. The technology works by rotating around the patient to deliver treatment beams from virtually any angle in matter of seconds. Since the treatment time is very less, damage to surrounding tissue is minimal. The sophisticated image guidance and motion management tools provide treating surgeon detailed information about size, shape and position of the targeted lesion to guide patient set up and positioning and monitor motion during treatment.
- Tumor Embolization
Neurointerventional Radiology is the amalgamation of the branches of neurology, neurosurgery and radiology. The neurologist, neurosurgeon and the radiologist work as a team to offer this minimally invasive treatment for the abnormalities of head, neck and spine. Neurointerventional radiology provides minimally invasive and effective treatment for problems such as stroke, brain tumours or aneurysms which otherwise may require a major surgery. The procedure works by cutting off the blood supply to the tumour which causes tumour cells to shrink and eventually die. This is particularly helpful in cases when tumour is in accessible or risky to remove.
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The procedure depends on the type of surgery you undergo. Surgicure International associated hospitals are the best brain tumor treatment centres in India and use the internationally recognised protocol for surgery.
Recovery depends upon the type of surgery done and the medical condition of the patient. For procedure such as open surgery or Craniotomy, you would stay at the hospital for 8-10 days and recovery would take around 3-4 weeks, while with a non invasive procedure such as gamma knife or cyberknife, recovery is much faster.
The time required for brain tumour surgery in India depends upon the type, size and location of the tumour. For a procedure like Craniotomy, you would need to stay for about 3 weeks in India, while for stereotactic radio surgery such as Gamma knife or Cyberknife, 8-10 days are sufficient to undergo brain tumour surgery in India.
The result of brain tumor surgery depends upon the size, location and type of tumors. If tumor has been completely removed, you can expect to lead a completely normal life, whereas in cases when it is secondary or cancerous, further treatment may be required and results depend upon the prognosis.
We encourage you to educate yourself about brain tumor surgery in India, benefits from the right kind of procedure and then make an informed decision.
You can be rest assured that with Surgicure International's expertise, we bring in a wonderful experience of medical tourism in India, which we have been doing so for almost a decade now.