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In simple words, it is a problem with the brain's electrical system. Seizures occur because of disrupted brain activity giving rise to sensorimotor changes, or, changes in movement, behavior, feeling or awareness. Seizures in epilepsy may last for few seconds to a few minutes. They can commence at any age but it usually start in age group between 5-20 years. People who have had two or more seizures without known triggers at a gap of at least 24 hours are considered to be suffering from Epilepsy.

Epilepsy surgery is the most promising treatment that provides freedom from seizures in patients with the persistent seizures despite of requisite trials of at least 2-3 antiepileptic drugs.

The effectiveness of the surgery depends on the form of epilepsy, related pathology and appropriate identification of the seizure focal area with the help of neuroimaging and neurophysiological investigations. The modern advances in neuroimaging and EEG monitoring techniques have led to more accurate localization of the lesion and thus yields best results from epilepsy surgery in India.

The ultimate aim of the epilepsy surgery is to eliminate or reduce the episodes of seizures by analyzing and removing the abnormal part of the cerebral cortex causing seizures.

Epilepsy occurs as a consequence of permanent changes in the brain either due to some medical disorder or injury to the brain.

The most common known causes of epilepsy include:

  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Stroke or transient ischemic attack
  • Loss of brain function, dementia
  • Congenital brain disorder that is the brain disorders present from birth
  • Brain tumours
  • Cerebral infections including meningitis, encephalitis, brain abscess
  • Abnormal blood vessels in the brain
  • Metabolic disorders like phenylketonuria
  • Bleeding or haemorrhage of the brain

Treatment Options

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