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Appendicitis is a very common medical condition in which this small organ, appendix gets infected and inflamed. If left untreated, the inflamed appendix can burst or perforate and spill infectious matter in the abdominal cavity which can be fatal.

It is difficult to say what causes appendicitis, it can occur when it becomes blocked by stool or by a foreign body or because of cancer. It can also get inflamed because of infection because it is known to swell when there is infection in the body.

Appendicitis is very difficult to diagnose particularly in old age people and children. The person suffering from appendicitis may experience pain surrounding the belly button which is minimal at first but gradually becomes severe and sharp and most often the pain is radiated to the right side of lower abdomen and become localized.Other common symptoms are fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation and decreased appetite.

The only way to treat appendicitis is to remove the infected appendix as soon as diagnosed to prevent the rupture of the appendix inside the abdomen.

Appendectomy refers to removal of the appendix, which is the standard medical treatment to treat appendicitis. The surgery should be done at the earliest upon diagnosis to prevent the rupture of the appendix. Appendectomy can be done using either of the two surgical interventions mentioned below.

  • Laparotomy or open appendectomy

In this the appendix is removed by making single and large incision on the right side of the lower abdomen. The reasons for opting the open surgery are;

  1. If extensive infection is present
  2. If the patient is obese
  3. Any history of other abdominal surgery
  4. Perforating appendix
  5. Bleeding problems
  • Laparoscopic appendectomy

This is the most preferred surgical procedure as it is minimally invasive and offers quicker recover, less scarring and shorter hospital stay as compared to standard approach. In this the appendix is accessed and removed using specialized surgical instruments through several small incisions thus minimizing the risk of infection and scarring with better recovery.

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